Shoe factory production site problems can not be relaxed

Shoe factory site management is a comprehensive reflection of enterprise image, management level, product quality control and spiritual outlook. It is an important symbol to measure the overall quality and management level of an enterprise.

Good production site management is conducive to enhancing the competitiveness of enterprises, eliminating the “run, run, leak, drip” and “dirty, disorderly, poor” situation, improving product quality and staff quality, ensuring safe production, and improving the economic efficiency of enterprises and enhancing the strength of enterprises.

I’m a catalogue.

I. Standards and Requirements for Excellent Field Management
2. Basic methods of site management
3. Quality Control of Production Site
4. Principles and functions of site organizational structure design
5. Management of production site staff
VI. Requirements for Production Planning
VII. CONTROL OF PRODUCTION COST
VIII. On-site Management System

I. Standards and Requirements for Excellent Field Management

1. What is on-site management?

Site management refers to the rational and effective planning of various factors of production on the production site, including people (workers and managers), machines (equipment, tools, workstation appliances), materials (raw materials), methods (processing, testing methods), rings (environment), letters (information), etc., with scientific management systems, standards and methods. Organize, coordinate, control and test, make it in a good state of integration, and achieve the goal of high quality, high efficiency, low consumption, balanced, safe and civilized production.

2. Standards for Excellent Production Site Management

Reasonable staffing and skill matching;
Material tools, orderly placement;
Site planning, clearly marked;
Work flow, orderly;
Strict implementation of rules and regulations;
Site environment, sanitation and cleanliness;
The equipment is in good condition, and the operation is normal.
Safe and orderly, smooth logistics;
Quantitative quality assurance and balanced regulation;
Registration statistics should be kept in mind.

3. Six Elements of Field Management (5M1E Analysis)
Six elements of field management are: human, machine, material, method, environment and measurement. Also known as 5M1E analysis method.

Man: Operator’s knowledge of quality, technology, physical condition, etc.
Machine: equipment, accuracy of measuring instruments, maintenance status, etc.
Material: Whether the material can meet the required performance, etc.
Method: Production technology, equipment selection, operation rules, etc.
Measurement: Whether the method adopted in measurement is standard and correct;
Environment: Technical requirements and cleaning conditions of the work site, etc.

Because the first letters of the English names of these five factors are M and E, abbreviated as 5M1E.

2. Basic methods of site management

(1) 5S Site Management

1. What is 5S site management?

“5S” activity originated in Japan. Its main contents are: Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu and Shitsuke. Because the first letter of Roman Pinyin in the five Japanese words is “S”, it is abbreviated as “5S”.

2. The basic content of “5S”:

SEIRI: Distinguish between what you want and what you don’t want, and clean up what you don’t want.
SEITON: The things to be used should be positioned according to the regulations. Quantitatively arranged and clearly marked.
Cleaning (SEISO): Clean up dirt in the field and prevent pollution:
SEIKETSU: Institutionalize, standardize, implement and maintain the results of the first 3S implementation.
SHITSUKE: Everyone acts according to the rules and forms good habits.
3. 5S Management Method Requirements:

_Arrangement
Comprehensive inspection of the workplace (scope);
Establish the criteria of “need” and “need”.
Remove unwanted items;
Investigate the frequency of the items needed and determine the daily usage.
Develop waste disposal methods;
Daily self-examination.
Investigate the frequency of use of needed items and determine daily usage
_Rectification
It is necessary to carry out the previous step of sorting out the work; arranging the process to determine the place to be placed; stipulating the method to be placed; marking and positioning; identifying the place items (the focus of visual management).

Rectification focus:
To rectify, it is necessary to form a state in which anyone can immediately take out what he needs.
From the standpoint of newcomers and other professionals, make it clearer what should be and where;
For places and objects to be placed, ways should be found to enable them to be immediately removed and used.
In addition, it should be easy to recover to the original after use, and know immediately when there is no reply or misplayback.

_Cleaning

Cleaning essentials:
Establishment of cleaning responsibility area (indoor and outdoor); implementation of routine cleaning, cleaning dirt; implementation of routine pollution sources, to eliminate; establishment of cleaning benchmarks, as a norm.
Contents of cleaning:
Routine cleaning, cleaning dirt; cleaning of documents; cleaning of machinery and equipment; cleaning of public areas.

_Cleaning
Institutionalize and standardize the implementation of the above 3S, and implement and maintain the results.

Cleaning essentials:

Implementing the first 3S work;
Establishing the benchmark of visual management;
Establishing audit methods;
Establishing reward and punishment system and strengthening its implementation;
Maintaining 5S awareness;
High-level supervisors often take the lead in inspecting and attaching importance to it.
Literacy: cultivate employees with good habits and abide by rules; improve the level of civility and politeness of employees; build team spirit.

_Literacy

To cultivate employees who have good habits and abide by the rules; to improve the level of civility and politeness of employees; to build team spirit.

Literacy content:
Continue to promote the first 4S to habituation;
To formulate rules and regulations to be abided by jointly;
Formulating etiquette codes;
Education and training (new entrants strengthened);
Promote all kinds of spiritual promotion activities (morning meeting, politeness movement, etc.).

The Implementation Steps of_5S Field Management Law
(2) Standardization of operations

1. Definition of job standardization:

The so-called operation standardization is to decompose every operation procedure and every action of the current operation method on the basis of the investigation and analysis of the operation system, to improve the operation process on the basis of science and technology, rules and regulations and practical experience, and to aim at safety and quality and benefit, so as to form an optimum operation. Industry procedures gradually achieve safe, accurate, efficient and labor-saving operation results.

2. The role of job standardization:

Standardized operation organically integrates complex management and procedural operation, so that management has rules, work has procedures and action has standards.
Promoting standardized operation can optimize the current operation methods, change bad working habits, and make every worker work in accordance with safe, labor-saving and unified operation methods.
Standardized operations can specify safety regulations.
Standardized operation is also helpful to improve the level of enterprise management, thereby improving the economic efficiency of enterprises.

3. Standard-setting requirements:

Target orientation: that is to say, following standards can always maintain the same quality of products. Therefore, do not appear words and contents that are not related to the goal.
Reasons and results: For example, “Welding thickness should be 3 microns” is a result, which should be described as “Welders use 3.0 A current for 20 minutes to get 3.0 micron thickness”.
Accuracy: Avoid abstraction: “Be careful when tightening the screw”. What is to be careful? Such vague words should not appear.
Quantification – Specificity: Every person who reads a standard must be able to interpret the standard in the same way. In order to achieve this, the standard should use more graphs and figures.
Reality: Standards must be realistic and operational.
Revision: Update and revise standards in time.

4. How to establish operating standards?
5. Problems that should be paid attention to in the standardization of operation:

The formulation of standards should be scientific and reasonable.
Remember not to engage in formalism.
Don’t cut it all, the formulation should be made.
Be careful to stick to it regularly.

(3) Visual management

1. The meaning of visual management:

Visual management is a kind of management means to organize on-site production activities by using visual perception information which is visual and appropriate in color, and to improve labor productivity. It is also a scientific method to use visual management. So visual management is a management mode characterized by openness and visual display.

2. Content and method of visual management:

Red card, Kanban, signal lamp or abnormal signal lamp, operation flow chart, reminder board, warning board, area line, warning line, warning board, production management board and so on.

3. The role of visual management:

Fast and fast transmission of information;
Visually and intuitively reveal potential problems and waste phenomena, which is conducive to improving work efficiency.
Objectiveness, impartiality and transparency;
Promote the establishment and formation of corporate culture;
High transparency, easy to supervise each other and play an incentive role;
(6) It is beneficial to produce good physiological and psychological effects.

4. Basic requirements of visual management:

Unification: Visual management should be standardized;
Simplicity: All kinds of visual display signals should be easy to understand, at a glance;
Bright: All kinds of visual display signals should be clear, appropriate location, the scene personnel can see, see clearly;
Practical: Do not put on airs, spend less money, pay attention to practical results;
Strict: All personnel on site must strictly abide by and implement the relevant regulations. If there is any mistake, it must be corrected, and the rewards and penalties are clear.

3. Quality Control of Production Site

Production site management is not only the core of quality management, but also the basic link of quality management. It is an important work for every production enterprise to do a good job in quality control of production site.

Today’s most popular and effective is total quality management, which is a very complicated work, today we mainly briefly talk about the specific people or learn total quality management.

1. Use PDCA cycle method in total quality management

P (Plan) – Planning phase
D(Do) – Implementation phase
C (Check) – Inspection phase
A (Action) – Processing phase
2. Use of Causality Diagram, also known as Fishbone Diagram

Causality diagram, also known as fishbone diagram, is used to list the causes of the problem and to classify and lay out the various causes.

Step 1: Characteristic is “low productivity”
Step 2: Find out the reasons for the big direction and start with the 5M1E direction.

Step 3: Find out the small reasons for the big reasons.

Step 4: Find out the main reason and circle him.

Step 5: Reanalysis of Main Causes

Step 6: Draw up improvement plans according to the reasons put forward, and proceed one by one until the results are achieved.

4. Principles and Functions of Organizational Structure Design of Production Site

1. Production site organization is the most basic organization of a company. There are generally three kinds of organizational structure: linear, functional and linear.

Straight line

Linear function

2. Principles of site organization design:

(1) Unified Command Principle
(2) Principle of Equivalence of Power and Responsibility
(3) Moderate Principle of Centralization and Decentralization
(4) Principle of Combining Personal Positioning with Personal Positioning

Functional type

3. The functions of the production site organization are usually formulated according to its specific tasks, which can be formulated by referring to the job description.

4. The requirements of organizational structure design of production site are simple, clear and easy to command. Subordinate units are generally between 8 and 15 people or teams, and there are no deputy posts in principle.

5. Management of production site staff

1. Standards for Excellent Workshop Managers

Actively Promote Enterprise Culture
To formulate and implement a reasonable management system
Advocates and Implementation of Safety Production
Avoid unnecessary waste
Management up and accountability down
Be good at production site management
A versatile user of modern management tools

2. Contents of Production Site Management

Strict implementation system
Improving Employee Skills
Care for employees
Actively deal with problems
Upper and lower information transmission
Amendment of management system
Design scientific operation process
improve work efficiency
Determine product quality
Safety in production
Implementing Employee Performance Appraisal

VI. Requirements for Production Planning

Production plan is the general plan for enterprises to produce products that meet the needs of the market or customers, and determine the production time, the quantity of production, the quality requirements of production and how to produce them. On-site production manager is one of the main operators in production planning.

1. Requirements for production site managers to participate in production planning

Explain the production capacity objectively.
Provide product quality assurance indicators;
Accurate evaluation of production costs.

2. Requirements for Managers in the Implementation of Production Plans

Optimize the operation process;
To solve the bottleneck problem;
Coordinating the relationship between machine and material;
Improve production efficiency;
Communicate information in a timely manner.

VII. CONTROL OF PRODUCTION COST

1. The Concept of Production Cost Control

Cost control in production process is to strictly supervise various factors of cost formation in the manufacturing process of products according to the standards formulated in advance, and take timely measures to correct the deviations, so as to limit the consumption of resources and expenditure in the production process within the scope prescribed by the standards.

2. Method of Production Cost Control

Establishing cost standards:
Decomposition of Planning Indicators
Budget Law
quota method

_Formation of Supervisory Cost

_Correct deviation in time

_Controlling production cost by management

3. Main factors affecting production cost

Accidents of product quality;
Fault accident of equipment;
Create process bottlenecks;
Employees work negatively;
The production process is not smooth.
Employee skills are low;
The production capacity is insufficient.
Too much production and waste, etc.

4. Effective methods of cost management

Eliminate waste

Make too much waste
Waste of waiting
Waste of handling
Waste in Processing
Waste of Inventory
Waste of action
Waste of Manufacturing Bad Products

_Do a Good Job Training for Employees

Enhance employees’understanding of the company;
Improve employee’s self-cultivation and reduce accidents;
Strengthen staff discipline and reduce staff turnover;
Training can improve work efficiency and reduce consumption
It can make employees more confident and improve the ability of group cooperation and coordination.

_Process Design

Process design is the design of organization and logistics engineering for raw material processing, parts processing, sub-assembly and assembly activities in the whole workshop.

The purpose of process establishment is to improve operation efficiency in order to achieve better results.

In fact, process is to externalize work experience into written knowledge (flow chart, process description), so that it can be easily replicated, so that enterprises can achieve rapid, low-cost expansion purposes.

Simplification is the essence of process management.

The vitality of process management lies in assessing the adaptability of the process at all times and not making it an excuse for bureaucracy.

_Multiple Motivation Theory

Subjective motivation:
Cost management awareness of employees;
Comprehensive quality;
Collective consciousness;
Consciousness of the status of the owner of the enterprise;
Work attitude and sense of responsibility;
Interpersonal relationships among employees and between employees and leaders.

New ideas and concepts of the theory of multiple agents:
Take cost control consciousness as a part of enterprise culture;
Introduce a kind of internal restraint and incentive mechanism into employee behavior norms.

VIII. On-site Management System

1. The Role of Production Site Management System

Standardize the arrangement of production site, achieve balanced, safe, civilized production, improve business quality, improve economic efficiency, achieve high quality, high efficiency and low consumption.

2. Contents of Production Site Management System

Quality management, process management, fixing management, equipment management, tool management, metering management, energy management, labor discipline, safety production.

On-site management system is scientific and operable, and strict implementation.

Workshop site management is nothing more than the above eight points, have you learned?


Post time: Aug-05-2019
WhatsApp Online Chat !